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FAQs on PFAS: "Forever chemicals" explained.

Posted by Brian Inami on Aug 31st 2023

male teen athlete drinking from water bottle on an outdoor track field

In the US, PFAS or “forever chemicals” have been garnering news attention—and it's not hard to see why, given the findings.

A new study by the United States Geological Survey (USGS) finds that nearly half of the nation’s tap water is contaminated by these “forever chemicals” . And with another recent story about 3M's $10.3 billion settlement regarding public water contamination” , it's only natural that controversy around PFAS has increased.

PFAS are definitely concerning—and it's important to be knowledgeable to make informed decisions. So here are the basics about this broad group of chemicals.

What are PFAS?

  • PFAS, or per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances, are a broad group of synthetic chemicals found in a variety of items, from nonstick materials for everyday items like cookware and fast-food boxes, to more specialized items like firefighting foam.
  • A recent USGS study found 32 of the most common PFAS types in 45 percent of the nation's tap water.
  • For context, there are more than 12,000 known types of PFAS, not all of which can be detected with current tests.
  • Widespread use of PFAS in common items—along with irresponsible manufacturing and practice in hazardous waste disposal—has contributed to their lingering presence in the environment .


    closeup view of male hands cooking scrambled eggs in a frypan and plating for two

    What are the concerns?

    • PFAS break down very slowly, remaining in the environment and in our bodies for a long time. This is why they've come to be known as “forever chemicals.”

    Do water filters remove PFAS?

    Some do and some don't. We always recommend doing extensive research on which water filtration systems remove PFAS.

    Finding a product with Water Quality Association (WQA) certification is a great start, since anything with this certification will have gone through rigorous testing to meet the standards set by the National Sanitation Foundation (NSF) and American National Standards Institute (ANSI).

    To truly dig into which contaminants a filtration system reduces, look for its Performance Data Sheet. This document can usually be found on the product webpage, or by contacting the company directly. It should clearly state that the filtration system meets certain standards set by the NSF/ANSI. (See the performance data sheets for our Coral and Capella.)

    For a proven reduction in PFAS, look for a contaminant in the sheet that says “PFOA/PFOS Reduction” or something similar. PFOA stands for perfluorooctanoic acid and PFOS stands for perfluorooctane sulfonate, and according to the WQA, they are the most widely studied PFAS . If your preferred filtration system targets these PFAS, then you've found a winner.

    image of clean kitchen with modern farmhouse fixtures.  cabinet doors below sink are open to reveal the Brondell Capella Reverse Osmosis under sink water filtration system.

    Product in photo: Capella Reverse Osmosis Under Sink Water Filtration System

    What are the best water filters for PFAS?

    Again, it's important to note that not all water filtration solutions (such as single-carbon filters) are guaranteed for filtering PFAS— it's best to seek out filtration systems that have been rigorously tested for PFOA and PFOS removal. For example, our Coral and Capella water filtration systems are both WQA approved and tested for PFOA and PFOS reduction. What system you choose will depend on your unique needs—Coral features a three-stage carbon block filtration system, while Capella uses reverse osmosis to provide a more extensive reduction of contaminants. To ensure the reduction of “forever chemicals,” shop for a system that has been specifically tested for PFAS under NSF/ANSI 53.

    What other progress is there regarding PFAS?

    Fortunately, there's some movement within the federal government to help tackle this issue. The Biden-Harris Administration is proposing a first-ever national drinking water standard for six PFAS types. This is a significant step in combating PFAS pollution, and will hopefully progress into further government action to protect our drinking water.

    The final takeaway: stay vigilant.

    The PFAS issue will take a long time to solve. But with better understanding of these chemical groups, advancements in water filtration technology, and the beginnings of government legislation, we are in a great position to start taking action. Staying vigilant about the water we drink is a great first start—and will only contribute to our greater health down the road.